- Require a password to gain access. Log off or lock your computer when not in use.
- A personal firewall that is not only installed but turned on at all times. Use firewalls on your local network to add another layer of protection for all the devices that connect through the firewall (e.g. PCs, smart phones, and tablets).
- An up-to-date operating system. The best way to ensure your operating system is current is to turn on automatic updates.
- Antivirus software. After installing your antivirus software, be sure to run and update it regularly. Schedule complete system scans of your computer (at least weekly) in addition to real-time scanning.
- Anti-spyware software. After installing your anti-spyware software, be sure to run and update it regularly.
- An updated and current browser.
- Update your software frequently to ensure you have the latest security patches. This includes your computer's operating system and other installed software (e.g. Web Browsers, Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Reader, Java, Microsoft Office, etc.).
- Automate software updates, when the software supports it, to ensure it's not overlooked.
- Strong passwords on all critical Internet applications that are changed at least every 90 days.
- If you suspect your computer is infected with malware, discontinue using it for banking, shopping, or other activities involving sensitive information. Use security software and/or professional help to find and remove malware.
- Use a cable lock to physically secure laptops, when the device is stored in an untrusted location.